Eliminating Bradenhead Pressure in the DJ Basin October 2018

Well Abandonment with Wel-lok™ CRT

Statistics

Location:
DJ Basin
Environment:
Onshore
Deviation:
Depth:
1665'
Downhole Pressure:
750psi
Differential Pressure:
1000psi
Temperature:
30ºC
Setting ID:
4.000"
Restriction:
3.875"
Sealing ID:
8.500"

Identification of problem

A well in the Colorado DJ Basin was experiencing Bradenhead pressure on the surface casing during the abandonment of the well. Previous attempts to eliminate this pressure with conventional methods had been unsuccessful. This is a common problem with many wells in the region.

Issues to overcome

The production casing remained cemented inside the surface casing. With the gas flowing through channeled cement in the annulus, a flow path from inside the production casing into the annulus was required. The liquid bismuth will flow into and fill micro-annuli in cement if there is a path for it to flow through.

Application

The 4 ½” production casing was section milled out to 9” open hole with an underreamer. A Wel-lok™ CRT (Cement Repair Tool) was set inside the section milled window, sealing out to the open hole formation.

Outcomes/Conclusion

The BiSN CRT plug was successfully pressure tested and inflow tested, eliminating the Bradenhead pressure and all bubbles in the production casing. The client monitored the well for several days before completing the well abandonment. This was the first Wel-lok™ CRT deployed and the first of many BiSN tools deployed to address Bradenhead pressure in the DJ Basin.

About the application

The Wel-lok™ CRT (Cement Repair Tool) was developed to eliminate sustained casing pressure, or casing vent flow, in cemented annuli. Unlike traditional methods of perf and squeeze or perf and wash, this tool does not require any surface pumping pressure to squeeze or circulate the sealing material into place. The tool is also run rigless on electric line, sealing through casing perforations, so section milling is not required. The bismuth-based alloy has no porosity and solidifies to create a seal in minutes as opposed to hours with traditional cement and resins, eliminating the possibility of a micro-annulus being formed to allow future gas migration. If full bore access is required, it can be milled out and still maintain a gas tight seal in the annulus.

Cement Repair Tool - BiSN
Cement Repair Tool - BiSN
Cement Repair Tool - BiSN
Cement Repair Tool - BiSN

How it works…

The Wel-lok™ CRT (Cement Repair Tool) was developed to eliminate sustained casing pressure, or casing vent flow, in cemented annuli.

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