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Case Studies

Sealing Multiple Annuli out to 20” to eliminate gas pressure in Permanent Abandonment for Offshore Israel Operator

Plug and Abandonment with Wel-lok™ STC (Seal Through Casing) Tool

An offshore well off the coast of Israel was being abandoned.

Cement had already failed in this well, with both the 9-5/8″ X 13-3/8″ and the 13-3/8″ X 20″ cemented annuli experiencing gas pressure.

The customer desired a plug that could form a gas tight seal all the way out to the 20″ casing.

High Expansion Requirements:
The tool was to be deployed through 9-5/8″ casing to form a gas-tight permanent barrier inside the 20″ casing, forming a seal more than two times the diameter of the tightest restriction.

This operation used the field-proven BiSN Wel-lok™ STC (Seal Through Casing) Tool that has been deployed successfully multiple times.

BiSN field engineers mobilized and deployed the tool in under one week. This first well of the multi-well campaign utilized an off-the-shelf BiSN solution resulting in quick turnaround times from order to successful deployment for the operator.

A window was section milled in both the 9-5/8″ and 13-3/8″ casings. A high expansion base was set in this window, then the BiSN chemical reaction heater was run into the well and tagged on top of the base. Bismuth alloy beads were then deployed from surface around the heater to be used for forming the seal. The thermite heater was activated via a timer running tool. Once the bismuth alloy was fully molten, the thermite heater was retrieved from the plug, allowing a solid single material barrier to form inside the 20″ casing.

The heater was then removed from the well and the molten alloy was allowed to solidify. A pressure test was performed on the plug indicating successful pressure sealing at 700 PSI differential, followed by a negative bubble test which resulted in zero bubbles.

Solution
  • Created gas tight (V0) barrier deployed through 9-5/8″ casing to seal inside 20″
  • Seal passed pressure test of 700 PSI differential
  • Drastically reduced length of window to be section milled
  • Significantly reduced deployment time with large cost savings
  • Reduced environmental impact and carbon footprint vs cement
  • Deployment with timer activation provided flexibility
  • Off-the-shelf, field-proven solution

BiSN provided the customer with a permanent barrier, more reliable seal than traditional cement.

By shortening the required section milled windows, BiSN was able to help the operator reduce HSE risks, rig time, costs and carbon footprint.

Are you looking for a cost-effective and sustainable solution for your business? Contact our technical team today.